The Parliamentary Ombudsman of FinlandComplaints to the ombudsmanDecisionsPress releases and publicationsHuman Rights CentreThe Parliamentary Ombudsman of Finland - mainpage
Kielivalinnat suomi English svenska Sámi Teckenspråk Viittomakieli Deutsch Français Eesti По-русски
Arkadiankatu 3
FI-00102 Helsinki
Tel: +358 (0)9 *4321
Fax: +358 (0)9 *432 2268

The Ombudsman and the Chancellor of Justice

There are two supreme overseers of legality in Finland, the Chancellor of Justice, who reports to the Government and to the Parliament, and the Parliamentary Ombudsman.

Their tasks and powers are largely the same. Both oversee the legality of the actions of authorities and officials. The Chancellor of Justice also oversees the actions of lawyers.

In principle, a complaint can be made either to the Chancellor of Justice or the Ombudsman. However, small differences in the division of tasks between them determine which of them ultimately investigates a complaint.

Minor differences in respective tasks

The Chancellor of Justice is exempted from examining issues concerning the Defence Forces, the Border Guard or peacekeeping personnel. Nor does he oversee prisons and other institutions where people are confined against their will. He has no duty to oversee the legality of various forms of deprival of liberty.

All of these matters come under the Ombudsman's oversight. Therefore the Chancellor of Justice refers complaints concerning them to the Ombudsman.

The Ombudsman and the Chancellor of Justice can transfer complaints from one to the other also at other times if this expedites handling of the matter or is otherwise justified. If for some reason it is considered appropriate to transfer a complaint from one overseer to the other, the complainant is always notified of this.

The Ombudsman and the Chancellor of Justice do not investigate a matter at the same time. If a complaint has been sent to both, it is generally investigated by whichever of them has received it first.

The Chancellor of Justice has the task of overseeing the legality of the Government's actions. For that reason he is present at cabinet sessions and examines the relevant documents beforehand.

The Ombudsman likewise has a right, but not a duty, to examine these documents.

[15/07/15 11:21 ]
Printable version Mainpage Back to previos page Top of this page Feedback

More press releases

Two reprimands issued by the Parliamentary Ombudsman in guardianship matters 




Deputy-Ombudsman Sakslin: Tax administration has overridden customer rights  

Entrepreneurs' reports on construction work only accepted in electronic format

Parliamentary Ombudsman has concerns over 12 cohorts of pupils 
Model characters taught to pupils in basic education may cause misunderstandings
How to bridge the gap between Human Rights standards and the reality?  
Human Rights professionals meet in Helsinki 10-11 December to discuss actions against Stereotypes, Discrimination and Inequality
A reprimand to the Finnish National Board of Education for Hymn Quiz arrangements in comprehensive schools 
All press releases